Your prescription

Your prescription

Once the eye examination is completed with all the necessary tests, the optometrist will give you a copy of your prescription that includes the exact indications of the type of prescription glasses that will allow you to see with maximum clarity and comfort. Please note that if you choose not to purchase glasses but would like your prescription, a discretionary charge of 15€ will apply. 

SPH (sphere)
A + in the box indicates that you are long sighted which means you find it difficult to see things close to you. A – shows that you find it hard to see things that are far away without glasses. The number might be very small, like 0.25, or a large number, like 6.00. The higher the number, the stronger the prescription lenses required. This can influence your choice of frames. The higher the prescription, the greater the curve of the lens needed.

CYL (cylinder)
The amount of astigmatism (visual distortion) that is caused by an irregularly shaped cornea. If this box is empty, it means that there is no astigmatism and your eyes are perfectly spherical, like a football. If there is a low number, like 0.25, it means that your eyes are nearly round but not quite. A higher number, like 3.00 shows that your eyes are quite oval in shape. AXIS The direction of the astigmatism, measured in degrees. The number is not related to how well you can see but it helps the lab know what angle to position your lenses in the frame.

PRISM
This usually indicates that your eyes do not work well as a pair. If there is muscle imbalance between your eyes, prism lenses will provide the correction you need and help prevent double vision or headaches.

BASE
The base simply tells the lab where to put the prism in your glasses.

ADD
If you are over 45, there may be a number where it says ‘ADD’. This is your reading addition and relates to the amount of additional correction needed to focus at close distances. If a measurement is shown in this section, it means you have different prescriptions for distance and reading. Bifocal or varifocal lenses may be needed.

If you would like a copy of your prescription please contact your local store, or the store where you had your eye test.